Wednesday, August 3, 2011

C (Abbreviation of some word which used in textile sector)

Learn Apparel Merchandising, Learn Fashion design.
caddis  worsted yarn specifically a worsted ribbon or binding formerly used for garters and girdles.
cady precious silk fabric, slightly fulled, originally produced in the French region of Languedoc, for couture and evening gowns. Generally produced in 2 plies. Some manufacturers will use a high-quality 3-ply cady, which is finished to create a denser, heavier, pre-washed effect, increasing the fabric's luxurious feel.
café au lait the color of coffee w/ milk.
caftan  a usually cotton or silk ankle-length garment with long sleeves that is common throughout the Levant
calender cotton fabric is passed through heat and pressure (rollers) so that the a glossy appearance or luster is added.
calico  cotton cloth imported from India; a plain white cotton fabric that is heavier than muslin; any of various cheap cotton fabrics with figured patterns.  Originated in Calcutta, India, and is one of the oldest cottons.  Rather coarse and light in weight.  Pattern is printed on one side by discharge or resist printing.  It is not always fast in colour.  Sized for crispness but washes out and requires starch each time.  Designs are often geometric in shape, but originally elaborate designs of birds, trees, and flowers.  Similar to percale. 
calotte  skullcap, especially zucchetto
calpac  a high-crowned cap worn in Turkey, Iran, and neighboring countries
calyptra a Greek veil 
cambric  soft, closely woven, light. Either bleached or piece dyed.  Highly mercerized, lint free.  Calendered on the right side with a slight gloss.  Lower qualities have a smooth bright finish. Similar to batiste but is stiffer and fewer slubs.  Launders very well.  Has good body, sews and finishes well. Originally made in Cambria, France of linen and used for Church embroidery and table linens.
camise  a light loose long-sleeved shirt, gown, or tunic
camisole  a short negligee jacket for women; a short sleeveless garment for women
camel  a light yellowish brown.
camel hair  hair from the camel. Sometimes blended with wool or imitated in wool.  Twill or plain weave.  Underhair is best.   It is light weight, lustrous and soft.  It ranges from a light tan to a brownish-black colour.  Usually left its natural tones but can be dyed-usually navy and some red.  It has quite a long nap and is warm.  Better grades are expensive.  Sometimes blended with wool to reduce the cost and increase the wear.   All wool camel hair is not as lustrous and is spongy.  Can have either a rich nap or a flat finish.  Wears fairly well, particuarly if blended.
camlet a medieval Asian fabric of camel hair or angora wool; a European fabric of silk and wool; a fine lustrous woolen.  A garment made of camlet fabric, namely a fine lustrous woolen made of camel hair, angora wool, or silk
camp shirt  a woman's shirt having a notched collar and often patch pockets
canary yellow  a light to a moderate or vivid yellow.
candlewick  a soft cotton embroidery yarn.
candlewick fabric  an unbleached muslin bed sheeting (also called Kraft muslin) used as a base fabric on which a chenille effect is formed by application of canlewick (heavy plied yarn) loops, which are then cut to give the fuzzy effect and cut yarn appearance of true chenille yarn.  May be uncut also. (True chenille is a cotton, wool, silk, or rayon yarn which has a pile protruding all around at slight angles adn stimulates a caterpillar. Chenille is the French word for caterpillar).  Used for bedspreads, drapes, housecoats, beach wear.
canton flannel  made of Cotton.   Four harness warp-faced twill weave.  The filling yarn is a very loosely twisted and soft and later brushed to produced a soft nap on the back, the warp is medium in size.  The face is a twill.  Heavy, warm, strong and absorbent.  Named for Canton, China where it was first made.  Comes bleached, unbleached, dyed, and some is printed.  Used in interlinings, sleeping garments, linings, coverings, work gloves.
canvas  a firm closely woven cloth usually of linen, hemp, or cotton used for clothing and formerly much used for tents and sails.  Plain weave.  Mostly rugged, heavy material made from plyed yarns. Has body and strength. It is usually manufactured in the grey state but some is dyed for different uses.
cap  a head covering especially with a visor and no brim; a distinctive head covering emblematic of a position or office, as a cardinal's biretta; mortarboard
cape  a cloth that fits closely at the neck and hangs loosely over the shoulders by itself or as part of a garment
capelet  a small cape usually covering the shoulders
capote  a usually long and hooded cloak or overcoat
capri pants  close-fitting women's pants that end above the ankle [Also called capris]  Generally worn in warm weather climates.  Leg opening starts approximately 3 or 4 inches above the ankle. Capri is a type of pant.
capuche  hood, especially the cowl of a Capuchin friar
capuchin  a hooded cloak for women
carbonising      the removal of vegetable matter, such as burrs and seeds, from wool and wool fabrics by chemical treatment. Also used to remove vegetable fibre in recovering the wool in union and mixture fabrics. Mechanical, chemical process for removal of vegetable matter from wool. The usual agent for converting the fault to carbon is sulphuric acid. Most wools suitable for the woollen trade, such as lambs, locks, and crutchings carrying fault, are treated by this method.
carcanet  [Archaic] an ornamental necklace, chain, collar, or headband
car coat  a three-quarter-length overcoat.
cardigan  a usually collarless sweater or jacket that opens the full length of the center front
cardinal  a woman's short hooded cloak originally of scarlet cloth
carmine  vivid red.
carnation  a pale to grayish yellow; a moderate red.
carpet  a heavy, often tufted fabric used a floor covering.

carroty  having the color of carrots.
cartridge belt  a belt worn around the waist for attaching various equipment, as a cartridge case, canteen, or compass
cashmere (Kashmir)  from the Kashmir goat, a hair fibre found in Kashmir India, Tibet, Iran, Iraq, and South west China.   Often mixed with wool or synthetics to cut costs and improve the wear.  All weaves but mostly plain or twill.  All knits.  Fibre is cylindrical, soft and silken.  More like wool than any othe hair fibre.  Has a very soft silky finish; very light in weight.  Doesn't stand up to hard wear on account of extremely soft downy finish.  True colour is brownish, but can be dyed any shade. Comes in different weights.
casque  a piece of armor for the head, helmet
cassimere a closely woven smooth twilled usually wool fabric (as for suits).
cassock  a close-fitting ankle-length garment worn especially in Roman Catholic and Anglican churches by the clergy and by laymen assisting in services
castor  a beaver hat
category (relevance to customs clearance) means a grouping of textile or apparel goods defined in the Correlation: Textile and Apparel Categories with the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States, 1992 (or successor publication), published by the United States Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, Office of Textiles and Apparel, Trade and Data Division, Washington, D.C.; and general import statistics means statistics of the U.S. Bureau of the Census or its successor.
cavalry twill  woolen or worsted.  63 twill weave; right hand twill.  Pronounced narrow and wide wale, in groups of 2.    Strong rugged cloth.   Quite elastic.  Similar to U.S. elastique but elastique is smoother in rib, feel and effect, - (made of worsted yarn and a firmer weave).  Also resembles tricotine but tricotine is much finer with a double diagonal.
ceinture  a belt or sash for the waist
celadon  a grayish yellow green.
cerecloth cloth treated with melted wax or gummy matter and formerly used especially for wrapping a dead body.

moderate red.
cerulean  resembling the blue of the sky.
cestus  a hand covering of leather bands often loaded with lead or iron and used by boxers in ancient Rome
chador  a large cloth worn as a combination head covering, veil, and shawl by Muslim women especially in Iran
challis (chalys)  wool-also made in cotton, hair fibre, rayon, and a silk warp and worsted filling.
Plain weave.  Anglo-Indian word "Shallee" meaning soft.  Soft, very lightweight.  May be dyed or printed with a delicate floral pattern, paisleys, or geometric patterns and faint designs.  Often washable.  Originated in Norwich England in 1832.
Generally used in women's and children's dresses and blouses, comforters, kimonos, neckties, and sportswear. In slacks or shorts it would have to be lined.
chambray  made of Cotton.
Weave: Plain weave or dobby designs on a plain-weave ground.  Made with a dyed warp and a white or unbleached filling.  Both carded and combed yarns used.  Has a white selvedge.  Some woven with alternating white and coloured warp. "Faded" look.  Has very soft colouring.  Some made with stripes, checks or embroidered.  Smooth, strong, closely woven, soft and has a slight lustre.   Wears very well, easy to sew, and launders well.  If not crease resistant, it wrinkles easily. Originated in Cobrai, France, where it was first made for sunbonnets.
chamois cloth  a cotton fabric.   Fabric is napped, sheared, and dyed to simulate chamois leather. It is stiffer than kasha and thicker, softer and more durable than flannelette. Must be designated as "cotton chamoise-colour cloth".   Plain weave.  Used in dusters, interlining, storage bags for articles to prevent scratching.
chamoisette  cotton, also rayon and nylon.  Double knit construction.  A fine, firmly knit fabric. Has a very short soft nap.  Nylon chamoisette is more often called "glove silk".  Used for gloves.
champagne  a pale orange yellow to light grayish yellowish brown.
chantilly lace  a delicate silk, linen, or synthetic lace having a six-sided mesh ground and a floral or scrolled design.
chapeau hat
chaplet  a wreath to be worn on the head
chaps  leather leggings joined by a belt or lacing often with flared outer flaps and worn over the trousers, as by western ranch hands
charcoal  a dark gray.
charcoal fiber  Charcoal is the remainder after natural wood is dissolved by heat without an additive at a high temperature.(600~1200°C)  As a pollution-free substance,it consists of 80~90% solid carbon.   It is alkali with PH8~9. It is also characterized by porosity caused by carbonized cell wall of wood. The internal surface area of 1g charcoal is 200~400 m2.  In addition, it is very excellent in absorption, ventilation, keeping warm, water discharging capacity and heat accumulation capacity. It provides a good deodorization effect by generating negative ion with property of emitting far infrared rays.
charmeuse  1) a lightweight silk, cotton or man-made fiber dress fabric which is soft and drapes well.  It is smooth, has a semi-lustrous satin face and dull back.  Hard twist yarn is used for the warp with a crepe yarn filling.  It is dyed in the piece or printed.  2)  A soft, lustrous finish produced by mercerizing and schreinerizing.
chartreuse  a variable color averaging a brilliant yellow green.
chased  a calendered finish for cotton fabrics that imparts beetled "bright-and-dim" surface effects.
chastity belt a belt device, as of medieval times, designed to prevent sexual intercourse on the part of the woman wearing it
chasuble  a sleeveless outer vestment worn by the officiating priest at mass
chaussure  footgear; [Plural] shoes.
check  a fabric woven or printed with a pattern in squares that resembles a checkerboard.
cheesecloth cotton, plainweave.   Originally used as a wrapping material for pressing cheese. Loosely woven, thin, light in weight, open in construction, and soft.  Carded yarns are always used.   It is also called gauze weave.  When woven in 36" widths it is called tobacco cloth.  When an applied finish is added, it is called buckram, crinoline, or bunting.  In the gray cloth, it is used for covering tobacco plants, tea bags and wiping cloths.  Finished cloth is used for curtains, bandages, dust cloths, cheap bunting, hat lining, surgical gauze, fly nets, food wrapping, e.g. meat and cheese, costumes and basket tops
chemise  a woman's one-piece undergarment; a loose straight-hanging dress
chemisette  a woman's garment, especially one, as of lace, to fill the open front of a dress
chenille fabric  warp yarn of any major textile fibre. Filling of chenille yarns (has a pile protruding all around at right angles).  The word is French for caterpillar and fabric looks hairy.  A fuzzy yarn whose pile resembles a caterpillar.    Do not confuse with tufted effects obtained without the use of true Chenille filling.  Used for millinery, rugs, decorative fabrics, trimmings, upholstery.  Sometimes used broadly to define a fabric woven from chenille yarns.
cheongsam  an oriental dress with a slip skirt and a mandarin collar
cherry  a variable color averaging a moderate red.
chesterfield  a single-breasted or double-breasted semifitted overcoat with velvet collar
chestnut  a grayish to reddish brown.
cheviot  wool originally and mostly made from wool from the Cheviot sheep but today also made of blends, spun synthetics, crossbred and reused wools.  Twill weave (modern version sometimes plain).  Very rugged, harsh, uneven surface that does not hold a crese and sags with wear. Resembles serge but is much more rugged and coarse and will not shine because of the rough surface.   Often sold as a homespun but true homespun has a plain weave and very heavy.   Also sold as a tweed.
Chiengora is a yarn or wool spun from dog hair. The word is a portmanteau of "chien", the French word for dog, and "angora." It is up to 80% warmer than wool [1] and is not elastic. Often chiengora is blended with wool during the carding process. This blend has some give to it, which is preferable when knitting. It is also often blended with wool in order to create a yarn with less heat insulation. (Info. for this definition obtained from Sept. 1, 2008)
chiffon  (French for "rag")  Silk, rayon, cotton, synthetics.  Plain weave.  Lightweight, sheer, transparent.   Made with very fine, tightly twisted yarns.  The tightly twisted yarns could be either in the filling or the warp or both.  It is very strong, despite filmy look.   Wears very well. It is very difficult to handle when sewing and it is best to baste the pieces over tissue to make it easier.  It has slightly bumpy look.  It is best suited to shirring, draping, gathering, tucking, etc., because it is so limp.   If made in a straight sheath style, it should be underlined with very firm fabric. e.g. faille taffeta.
chimere  a loose sleeveless robe worn by Anglican bishops over the rochet
china silk originally hand woven in China of silk from the Bonabyx mori.  Very soft and extremely lightweight but fairly strong.  Irregularities of threads caused by the extreme lightness and softness are characteristic of the fabric.  Mostly for linings and underlinings, and could be used for blouses.
chinchilla  cotton or wool, and some manmade and synthetics.  Sateen or twill construction with extra fillings for long floats.  Does not resemble true chinchilla fur.  Has small nubs on the surface of the fabric which are made by the chincilla machine.  It attacks the face and causes the long floats to be worked into nubs and balls. Cotton warp is often used because it cannot show from either side. Made in medium and heavy weights.  Very warm and cozy fabrics. Takes its name from Chinchilla Spain where it was invented.  In cotton, used for baby's blankets and bunting bags.
chino  cotton , twill (left hand) weave.  Combined two-ply warp and filling.  Has a sheen that remains.   Fabric was purchased in China (thus the name) by the U.S. Army for uniforms.   Originally used for army cloth in England many years before and dyed olive-drab.   Fabric is mercerized and sanforized.  Washs and wears extremely well with a minimum of care.  Army uniforms, summer suits and dresses, sportswear.
chinos  casual men's trousers made from chino fabric (British), called "khakis" in America.
chintz  cotton cloth, usually printed with flowery patterns, that has a slightly shiny appearance.  Cotton plain weave.  Has bright printed gay figures, large flower designs, birds and other designs. Also comes in plain colours.  Several types of glaze.  The wax and starch glaze produced by friction or glazing calendars will wash out.  The resin glaze finish will not wash out and withstand drycleaning.  Also comes semi-glazed.  Unglazed chintz is called cretonne.  Named from the Indian word "Chint" meaning "broad, gaudily printed fabric".  Used in draperies, slipcovers, dresses, sportswear.  
chiton  the basic garment of ancient Greece worn usually knee-length by men and full-length by women
chlamys  a short oblong mantle worn by young men of ancient Greece  Chlamys
chocolate a brownish gray.
choli  a short blouse usually worn with a saree or a lengha. You can vary the collar, sleeve and length.  A traditional garment worn in India.
choker  something, as a collar or a necklace, worn closely about the throat or neck
choli  a short blouse usually worn with a saree or a lengha. You can vary the collar, sleeve and length as you choose.
chopine  a shoe with a very high sole designed to increase stature and protect the feet from mud and dirt worn by women in the 16th and 17th centuries
chrisom  a white cloth or robe put on a person at baptism as a symbol of innocence
chukka  a usually ankle-length leather boot with two or three pairs of eyelets or a buckle and strap
chunni or dupatta  a scarf or wrap worn with most Indian garments. The item can be plain or embellished with embroidery.  Traditional garment from India.
churidhar  fitted pants with deliberate snugness around the calf and ankle with gatherings and hooks for fastening.  Traditional garment from India.
cincture  girdle, belt; especially, a cord or sash worn around an ecclesiastical vestment, as an alb or religious habit
cinereous  gray tinged w/ black.
cinnamon  a light yellowish brown.
circular knitting or knitting in the round, is a form of knitting that creates a seamless tube. Originally, circular knitting was done using a set of four or five double pointed needles. Later a circular needle was invented; the circular needle looks like two standard knitting needles connected by a cable between them. Machines also do circular knitting; these use individual latch-hook needles to make each stitch in a round frame.
ciré  a fabric with a ciré finish, namely a highly glazed finish usually achieved by applying wax to the fabric.  A garment with a ciré finish, namely a highly glazed finish usually achieved by applying wax to the fabric

a dark purplish red.
clerical collar  a narrow upright white collar worn buttoned at the back of the neck by members of the clergy
cloak  a loose outer garment
cloche  a woman's small close-fitting hat usually with deep rounded crown and very narrow brim
clodhopper  a large heavy work shoe or boot.
clog  a shoe, sandal, or overshoe having a thick typically wooden sole
cloque a fabric with an embossed design; a fabric especially of piqué with small woven figures.  Additional definition for te word cloque provided by an Apparel Search viewer Sept. 2007 is as follows...  Cloque - From the French word for 'blister', a finishing technique applied to a jacquard or double cloth of mixed fibres in order to shrink the cellulose content and bubble up the design.  The longer the jacquard float or the larger the embossed design the more exaggerated the effect.
closeout  merchandise that is being sold below original wholesale cost. Can be Overstock, Shelf Pull or Discontinued merchandise.
cloth  the word cloth is sometimes used as a generic term for "fabric".  The word cloth also considered a unit of length for measuring cloth
cloth yard  a yard esp. for measuring cloth; specific: a unit of 37 inches equal to the Scottish ell and used also as a length for arrows
clothes  clothing; all the cloth articles of personal and household use that can be washed
clothes-horse  1) a frame on which to hang clothes.  2)  a conspicuously dressy person
clothes-line  a line (as of cord or rope) on which clothes may be hung to dry.

clothes moth  any of several small yellowish or buff-colored moths (esp. Tinea pellionella and Tineola bisselliella of the family Tineidae) whose larvae eat wool, fur or feathers.

clothes-pin   a forked piece of wood or plastic or a small spring clamp used for fastening clothes on a clothesline.
clothier  one who makes or sells clothing.  For example, if the Apparel Search Company sells clothing, they would be considered a clothier.
clothing  garments, in general; covering.  Clothing Definition
clutch  clutch bag
clutch bag  a woman's small usually strapless handbag
CMYK   Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black; the colors used when printing process color (often referred to as 4-color process).  These are special pigment colors of ink that are very transparent.  CMYK is used where a photo realistic look and many colors are required.  The blending of these 4 primary colors can generate the effect of several other colors.
coat  an outer garment worn on the upper body and varying in length and style according to fashion and use
coatdress  a dress styled like a cost usually with a front buttoning from neckline to hemline
coating  coat, covering.   Cloth for coats.
coat of mail  a garment of metal scales or chain mail worn as armor
cobalt  cobalt blue.
cobalt blue  a strong greenish blue.
cocoa  a medium brown.
coif  a close-fitting cap; a hood-like cap worn under a veil by nuns; a protective usually metal skullcap formerly worn under a hood of mail; a white cap formerly worn by English lawyers and especially by serjeants-at-law
Coir (from Malayalam kayaru - cord) is a coarse fibre extracted from husk, the fibrous outer shell of a coconut.
coldcut (label) processing can be employed only when using coated fabrics that will naturally resist fray.  It is used only for printed large format poster labels as it allows very large scale labels to be processed.
color  a person’s recognition of an object’s color is the result of a complex process involving the response of the brain to the interaction of light with the object. Numerical descriptions of these three components ( 1. light source, 2. object, 3. observer) are all that is required to calculate the description of any color with an objective set of numbers. Other factors certainly influence our perception of color, but without these three components there is no perception.  By the way, blue, black, green, red are all examples of color.  Due to the fact that you are smart enough to use the Apparel Search glossary, we assume you already now this.
Colorfastness to Crocking (AATCC Test Method 8-2001): This test is designed to determine the amount of color transferred from the surface of colored textile materials to other surfaces by rubbing. It is applicable to textiles made from all fibers in the form of yarn or fabric whether dyed, printed or otherwise colored. Testing procedures employ white test cloth squares. Testing is usually done for both wet and dry crocking (wet is cloth that is wet with water). Color transfered to the white test cloth after rubbing, is assessed by a comparison with the Gray Scale for Staining or the Chromatic Transference Scale and a grade is assigned. Because washing, drycleaning, shrinkage, ironing, finishing, etc., may effect the degree of color transfer from the material, the test may be made before, after or before and after such treatment.
color management  deals with ensuring that the colors developed by a company's design team are successfully reproduced on the garments that wind up on the retail floor.
collar  a band, strip, or chain worn around the neck; a short necklace; clerical collar
combed cotton Cotton that has had the short fibers and impurities removed.  It is a superior process to the more common treatment called 'carding' because the yarns have less fibers projecting from them.
combing wool long-staple strong-fibered wool found suitable for combing and used especially in the manufacture of worsteds.
comforter  a long narrow usually knitted neck scarf
commode  a woman's ornate cap popular in the late 17th and early 18th centuries
compaction / compacting A technique utilized to control shrinkage in fabric
cool  of a hue in the range violet through blue to green.
coolie hat  a conical-shaped usually straw hat worn especially to protect the head from the heat of the sun
coonskin  an article, as a cap or coat, made of coonskin
cope  a long enveloping ecclesiastical vestment
coppery having the reddish to brownish orange color of copper.
coral  a deep pink.
cord   a fabric made with ribs.  A garment made of cord fabric, namely a fabric with ribs; trousers made of cord fabric
corduroy  cotton, rayon, and other textile fibres.  Filling Pile with both plain and twill back.
Made with an extra filling yarn. In the velvet family of fabrics.  Has narrow medium and wide wales, also thick n'thin or checkerboard patterns.  Wales have different widths and depths.  Has to be cut all one way with pile running up.  Most of it is ashable and wears very well.  Has a soft lustre.
corduroys  trousers of corduroy fabric, namely a durable usually cotton pile fabric with vertical ribs or wales

blue a moderate purplish blue.
coronal  a circlet for the head usually implying rank or dignity
coronet  an ornamental wreath or band for the head usually for wear by women on formal occasions
corselet  a piece of armor covering the trunk but usually not the arms or the legs; a combination girdle and brassiere
corselette  an undergarment combining girdle and brassiere
corset  a usually close-fitting and often laced medieval jacket; a woman's close-fitting boned supporting undergarment that is often hooked and laced and extends from the torso to below the hips and has garters attached
costume  an outfit worn to create the appearance characteristic of a particular period, person, place, or thing; a person's ensemble of outer garments, especially a woman's ensemble of dress with coat or jacket
cothurnus  a high thick-soled laced boot worn by actors in Greek and Roman tragic drama [Also called, cothurn]
cotta  a waist-length surplice
cotton  a plant of the Genus Gossypium, which yields fiber for the manufacture of durable and permanent fine papers and cellulose derivatives. The boll of the cotton plant is a capsule that bursts open when ripe, allowing the seed and attached lint (hairs) to be easily picked. The cotton fiber is removed from the seed by the ginning process. See also Cotton Linters  Fiber from the seed pod of the cotton plant, the use of cotton dates back more than 5,000 years.  Quality depends on the length of the fiber, longer being better, and fiber lengths vary from less than one-half inch to more than two inches.
  • American Upland Cotton: Representing the bulk of the world crop, American Upland fiber runs between 3/4" and 1 1/4" .
  • Egyptian Cotton : Long staple variety from Egypt with fiber length averaging 1 3/8".
  • Pima Cotton: an excellent long staple variety grown in Arizona , New Mexico, Texas and California.  It is a cross between Sea Island Cotton and Egyptian Cotton with fiber length averaging 1 1/2". The "SuPima" certification mark is used only when the product is made entirely from Southwestern extra-long staple cotton grown by members of the SuPima Association of America.
  • Sea Island Cotton : The very finest and most expensive cotton, in very limited supply, with a fiber length greater than 1 1/2".
cotton linters   the short fibers adhering to cotton seed after the operation of ginning (seed removal and cleaning). These fibers are cut from the seed in a series of passes through cutting blades, and are therefore referred to as, "first - cut linters," "second - cut linters," "mill run," etc. Linters are used in the manufacture of cotton fiber content paper and cellulose derivatives.
count  the count of cloth - the number of ends and picks per inch in a woven fabric. If a cloth is 64 x 60, it means their are 64 ends and 60 picks per inch in the fabric. A cloth that has the same number of ends and picks per inch in woven goods is called a square cloth. For example, 80-square percale, has 80 ends and 80 picks per inch. Pick count is the term that is synonymous with texture or number of filling picks per inch.
course  the horizontal row of loops in knit fabric.
couture house  fashion designer house
coverall  a one-piece outer garment worn to protect other garments [Usually used in plural]
covert  a firm durable twilled sometimes waterproofed cloth usually of mixed-color yarns.  woolen or worsted, also cotton and spun rayon.  Twill weave.  Made with two shades of colour e.g. (Medium and light brown).  The warp is 2 ply (1 light; 1 dark) and filling 1 ply (dark or same as warp).  Very rugged and closely woven. Has a mottled or speckled effect.  First used as a hunting fabric. Has a clear finish and hard texture. Wears exceptionally well and has a smart appearance. Light in weight.
cover-up  a loose outer garment
cowboy boot  a boot made with a high arch, a high Cuban heel, and usually fancy stitching
cowboy hat a wide-brimmed hat with a large soft crown [Also called, ten-gallon hat]
cowl  a hood or long hooded cloak especially of a monk
coxcomb  [Obsolete] a jester's cap adorned with a strip of red
cramoisie  crimson cloth.
crape crêpe. a soft thin light fabric with crinkled texture surface. [also, non relevant to fashion a crepe is a French pancake]
crash  a coarse fabric used for draperies, toweling, and clothing and for strengthening joints of cased-in books.  Plain weave. Generally linen.
crash helmet  a helmet that is worn, as by motorcyclists, as protection for the head in the event of an accident
cravat  a band or scarf worn around the neck; necktie
cream  a pale yellow.
creepere  a usually one-piece garment for a child at the crawling age.
crêpe  worsted cotton, wool, silk, man-made synthetics.  Mostly plain, but various weaves.  Has a crinkled, puckered surface or soft mossy finish.  Comes in different weights and degrees of sheerness.  Dull with a harch dry feel.  Woolen crepes are softer than worsted.   If it is fine, it drapes well.  Has very good wearing qualities.  Has a very slimming effect.  Depending on weight, it is used for dresses of all types, including long dinner dresses, suits, and coats.
crepe-back satin (satin-back crepe, crepe-satin, or satin-crepe)  satin weave on the face and a crepe effect on the back obtained with twisted crepe yarns in the filling - 2 or 3 times as many ends as picks per inch.  It is a soft fabric which is reversible.  It is usually piece dyed.  Very interesting effects can be obtained in a garment by using both sides, in different parts. e.g. the crepe side for the body and trim or binding with the satin part up.
crepe de chine  silk warp and crepe twist silk filling 25 x 22. More ends than picks per inch.  Has a soft hand and considerable lustre.  Made of raw silk or rayon.  It is easy to manipulate and handle.    It is fairly sheer. Could be piece dyed or printed.  Has a slight rippled texture.  Heavy crepe de chine is called "Canton crepe" which is slightly ribbed and now mostly made in rayon.
crepon  crepe effect appears in direction of the warp and achieved by alternate S and Z, or slack, tension, or different degrees of twist.   Originally a wool crepe but now made of silk and rayon.  It is much stouter and more rugged than the average crepe.  Has a wavy texture with the "waves" or "crinkles" running in a lengthwise direction.  Mostly used for prints.
cretonne  cotton, linen, rayon.  Plain or twill weave.  Characteristics: Finished in widths from 30 to 50 inches.  The warp counts are finer than the filling counts which are spun rather loose.  Strong substantial and gives good wear.  Printed cretonne often has very bright colours and patterns.  The fabric has no lustre (when glazed, it is called chintz).  Some are warp printed and if they are, they are usually completely reversible. Designs run from the conservative to very wild and often completely cover the surface.  Used bedspreads, chairs, draperies, pillows, slipcovers, coverings of all kinds, beach wear, sportswear.
crewel  a fine, loosely-twisted, two-ply worsted yarn. Common applications are embroidery [typically worsted wool on a plain weave fabric] and crewel lace (narrow edging).
crewelslackly twisted worsted yarn used for embroidery.
crew neck  a sweater with a crew neck, namely a round collarless neckline
crew sock  a short bulky usually ribbed sock.
crimp  natural waviness of wool fibers.
crinoline  an open-weave fabric or horsehair or cotton that is usually stiffened and used especially for interlinings and millinery.  A full stiff skirt or underskirt made of crinoline fabric, namely stiffened open-weave horsehair or cotton
crimson  any of several deep purplish reds.
crop top  a very short women's top ending just below the breasts; a tank-style brassiere cropped to midriff length.
crown  a royal or imperial headdress of cap of sovereignty, diadem
crystalina plastisol  printing process where specialty inks are used to give prints a multi-color pearlescent appearance when printed directly on light colored garments or over a flashed color. Crystalina can also be used for producing cold peel transfers.
cuff  hem of shirt sleeve
cuirass  a piece of armor covering the body from neck to waist; also, the breastplate of such a piece
cuisse  a piece of plate armor for the front of the thigh
culet  plate armor covering the buttocks
culotte  a divided skirt; also, a garment having a divided skirt [Often used in plural]
cummerbund  a broad waistband usually worn in place of a vest with men's dress clothes and adapted in various styles of women's clothes
cup  an athletic supporter reinforced usually with plastic to provide added protection for the wearer
curch  [Scottish] kerchief
customer return  Merchandise that has been purchased at a retail level and then returned to the original store for various reasons. Some returns are defective, broken or simply returned for no apparent reason at all. A consumer might return merchandise because it was bought in haste or by impulse. In this scenario if the original packaging is not intact or missing a component the retailer will deem it Salvaged. Defective or broken merchandise is a tricky area, often products can be repaired if you have the skill required. (definition provided by Robert Cyr at RLC Trading)
customs brokers  are private individuals, partnerships, associations or corporations licensed, regulated and empowered by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to assist importers and exporters in meeting Federal requirements governing imports and exports. Brokers submit necessary information and appropriate payments to CBP on behalf of their clients and charge them a fee for this service.
cutaway  a coat with skirts tapering from the front waistline to form tails at the back
cutoff  [Plural] shorts originally made from jeans with the legs cut off at the knees or higher
cutty sark  [Chiefly Scottish] a short garment, especially a woman's short undergarment
cyan  greenish blue. One of the four primary colors.

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