Wednesday, August 3, 2011

D (Abbreviation of some word which used in textile sector)

Learn Apparel Merchandising, Learn Fashion design.

D the letter "D" some times stands for Denier.

dacron (trademark) used for a synthetic polyester textile fiber.
daisy dukes
dalmatic  a wide-sleeved overgarment with slit sides
damask  (1) a grayish red.    (2)  Linen, silk, rayon, cotton, synthetics, wool, worsteds.  Figured on Jacquard loom.  Originally made of silk, that came to us from China via Damascus.  In the XIII Century, Marco Polo gave an interesting tale about it.  It is one of the oldest and most popular cloths to be found today.  Very elaborate designs are possible.   Cloth is beetled, calendared and the better qualities are gross-bleached.   Very durable.  Reversible fabric.  Sheds dirt.  The firmer the texture, the better the quality.  Launders well and holds a high lustre - particularly in linen.  There are two types of damask table cloths:
1) Single damask table cloths: construction. Thread count is usually around 200.
2) Double damask has an 8 shaft satin construction with usually twice as many filling yarns as warp yarns. This gives a much greater distinctness to the pattern. Thread count ranges from 165 to 400.
The quality of both depends on the yarn used and the thread count.  If the same quality and thread count are used, single is better than double because the shorter floats are more serviceable and the yarns hold more firmly.  Double damask with less than 180 thread count is no good for home use.

dashiki  a usually brightly colored loose-fitting pullover garment
daylight  a type of light used in a commercial light box to simulate natural daylight. The correct technical definition is as follows: Daylight is a light source providing a color temperature of 6500+/-200 K at an illumination of 90 to 120 ft/candles. This source is typically provided by four filtered 750 W Tungsten Halogen lamps. The daylight filters must be certified by the manufacturer to ensure consistency of the transmitted color temperature between each filter/location. The resulting spectral power distribution of the transmitted light must be maintained to confirm to that of the filter manufacturer’s standard. (K = Kelvin)
décolletage a décolleté dress, namely a strapless dress or one with a plunging neckline
deerskin a garment of deerskin, namely leather made from the skin of a deer
deerstalker  a close-fitting hat with a visor at the front and at the back and with earflaps that may be worn up or down
denier a unit of fineness for rayon, nylon, and silk, based on a standard mass per length  of 1 gram per 9,000 meters of yarn.
denim name derived from French "serge de Nimes". Originally had dark blue, brown or dark grey warp with a white or gray filling giving a mottled look and used only for work clothes.  A firm durable twilled usually cotton fabric.   [Plural] overalls or trousers usually of blue denim, namely a firm durable twilled usually cotton fabric woven with colored warp and white filling threads.  Twill - right hand - may be L2/1 or L3/1.
derby a man's stiff felt hat with dome-shaped crown and narrow brim
designers  are people with a desire to create. They combine practical knowledge with artistic ability to turn abstract ideas into formal designs for the clothes that we wear, the living and office space that we inhabit, and the merchandise that we buy. Designers usually specialize in a particular area of design, such as automobiles, clothing, furniture, home appliances, industrial equipment, interiors of homes or office buildings, movie and theater sets, packaging, or floral arrangements.
dhoti   draped garment for the lower trunk and legs, common throughout India, mostly for men. Wrapped around the waist, tucked or knotted like a sarong (or bath towel) save that the remaining fabric, often half or more of the total, is then pleated and wrapped around the legs, then tucked in. Drapes vary by region and caste, from basically skirt-like to tidy trouser-like arrangements. Traditional dhoti drapes and sari drapes blend into one another; many saris draped without a petticoat start with a dhoti drape, but use a longer cloth and drape the upper body with part of it.
dhurrie  a thick flat-woven cotton cloth made in India.
diadem crown; specifically, a royal headband
diaper  a fabric with a distinctive pattern; a rich silk fabric; a soft usually white linen or cotton fabric used for tablecloths or towels.  A basic garment for infants consisting of a folder cloth or other absorbent material drawn up between the legs and fastened about the waist
dickey an article of clothing worn to fill in the neckline, as a man's separate or detachable shirtfront
digitizing embroidery digitizing is the process of converting artwork to stitches.
dimity  plain weave with a crosswise or lenghtwise spaced rib or crossbar effect; made of cotton.  A thin sheer with corded spaced stripes that could be single, double or triple grouping.  Made of combed yarn and is 36" wide.  Has a crisp texture which remains fairly well after washing. Resembles lawn in the white state.  It is easy to sew and to manipulate and launders well.  Creases unless crease-resistant.   May be bleached, dyed, or printed and often printed with a small rose-bud design.   It is mercerized and has a soft lustre.  Used for children's dresses, women's dresses, and blouses, infant's wear, collar and cuff sets, basinettes, bedspreads, curtains, underwear. Has a very young look.
dinner jacket  a jacket for formal evening wear
dirndl  a dress with tight bodice, short sleeves, low neck, and gathered skirt; a full skirt with a tight waistband
direct merchant a direct merchant, works directly with fabric mills and clothing manufacturers, eliminating the markups of middlemen. They typically pass the savings on to their customers, who shop directly with them.
disguise  apparel assumed to conceal one's identity or counterfeit another's
dishabille [Archaic] negligee
dishcloth a cloth for washing dishes.
diving suit a waterproof suit with a removable helmet worn by a diver who is supplied with air pumped through a tube
djellaba a long loose garment with full sleeves and a hood
DMM  Divisional Merchandising Manager
dobby a fabric made with a dobby, namely a loom with an attachment for weaving small figures.
doeskin  wool and also rayon.   Very smooth, lustrous surface made with a slight short nap very close and compact weave to look like fine leather.  Weave not visible because of napping.  Very high quality wool used.  Needs care in handling.  Medium weight.  Women's suits and coats, and also in a lighter weight for dresses. Sportswear and riding habits for both men and women. Trousers and waistcoats for men.
dog collar [Slang] clerical collar; a wide flexible snug-fitting necklace
dolman sleeve is a full sleeve that is very wide at the armhole and narrow at the wrist.
domestics Term used to refer to bedding (sheets, comforters etc), towels, linens and other "soft goods". Term might have a different meaning company to company so always inquire definition before purchasing.  (definition provided by Robert Cyr at RLC Trading)
domett flannel  Also spelled domet.     Plain or twill weave; cotton.  Generally made in white.  Has a longer nap than on flannelette.  Soft filling yarns of medium or light weight are used to obtain the nap.  The term domett is interchangeable with "outing flannel" but it is only made in a plain weave. Both are soft and fleecy and won't irritate the skin.  Any sizing or starching must be removed before using.   Outing flannel is also piece-dyed and some printed and produced in a spun rayon also.  Mostly used for infants wear, interlinings, polished cloths.
domino a long loose hooded cloak usually worn with a half mask as a masquerade costume; a half mask worn over the eyes with a masquerade costume
donegal  wool - also in rayons and cottons.  Mostly plain weave but some in twill.  Originally a homespun woven by the peasants in Donegal, Ireland.  A rough and ready fabric that stands much hard wear.  Yarns are coarse with thick slubs and coloured nubs.  Now made in other places as well - particularly England.
donkey jacket  [British] a jacket of heavy material worn especially by laborers
d'Orsay type of shoe.  a 19th century Frenchman created this style with a cutaway in-step that reveals the arch of the foot.
dotted Swiss  plain weave cotton for ground with a swivel, lappet or flocked dot.  A sheer light muslin ornamented with evenly spaced raised dots.  Placed regularly or irregularly on a semi-sheer usually crisp fabric which may or may not be permanent.  First made on hand looms in Switzerland.   It is made generally in 32" widths.  The lappet is the most permanent. When hand woven with a swivel attachment the dots are tied in by hand on the back of the cloth. The ground fabric is usually a voil or a lawn.  Dots could be a single colour or multicoloured.
double-face Satin  yarn woven with two warps and one filling, to simulate a double satin construction.  Has satin on both sides.   Cotton filling is often used in cheaper qualities.
double knit  a knitted fabric (cotton, wool, worsted, silk, rayon, and synthetics) made with a double set of needles to produce a double thickness of fabric with each thickness joined by interlocking stitches.  An article of clothing made of double knit fabric, namely a fabric knitted to produce a double thickness.  A two faced cloth, either face may be utilized as the rigth side.  The fabric originated in Milan and Florence.  Can be stabilized for shrinkage control and dry cleans satisfactorily.
doublet a man's close-fitting jacket worn in Europe especially during the Renaissance
doupion (douppioni)    silk yarns made from the cocoon of two silk worms that have nested toghether.   In spinning, the double strand is not separated so the yarn is uneven and irregular with a large diameter in places.  Fabric is of silk made in a plain weave.  The fabric is very irregular and shows many slubs; seems to be made in a hit and miss manner.   It is imitated in rayon and some synthetics, and one such fabtic is called "Cupioni".  Dupion yarns also used in shantung, pongee. Tailors very well.
drop needle  a knit fabric characterized by a vertical lines within the cloth. This knit is manufactured by "dropping" a needle from the knitting cylinder.
dunce cap  a conical cap formerly used as a punishment for slow learners at school [Also called, dunce's cap]
dungaree clothes made usually of blue denim
duvetyn(e) good quality wool.    If made in cotton, is usually called suede cloth.  Close weave, brushed, singed, and sheared to conceal the weave.  Has a smooth plush appearance resembleing a compact velvet.  Similar to wool broadcloth but heavier and thicker.  Has a good draping quality, soft and wears well if looked after.  Spots easily and care must be taken when handling it. Back is often slightly napped also.  Name derived from the French word "duvet" meaning "down".  Used a great deal in the millinery trade.
drab  a light olive brown.  Any of various cloths of a dull brown or gray color.
drawer  [Plural] an article of clothing, as underwear, for the lower body
dreadnought the cloth used for a dreadnought garment, namely a warm garment of thick cloth.  A warm garment of thick cloth
dress  an outer garment, as for a woman or girl, usually consisting of a one-piece bodice and skirt
dressing gown  a robe worn especially while dressing or resting
dress shirt  a man's shirt especially for wear with evening dress; broadly, a shirt suitable for wear with a necktie
dress uniform  a uniform for formal wear.
drill  a durable cotton twilled fabric.  Twill. Left-hand twill. From top left to lower right. L2/1 or L3/1.  Closer, flatter wales that gabardine.  Medium weight and course yarns are used.  Also made in some other weights.  Some left in the grey but can be bleached or dyed.  When dyed a khaki colour it is known by that name.  (Another Definition for Drill) : A strong cotton material similar to denim which has a diagonal 2x1 weave running upward to the left selvage.   Called Khaki when dyed that color. Used for uniforms, shirts, work clothes, ticking.
drip-dry  a drip-dry garment
drop stitch construction is generally used on jersey and rib fabrics for either fabric design or for the separation of rib fabric pieces. Used in knit shirts and dress fabrics.
drugget a wool or partly wool fabric formerly used for clothing.
dry suit  a close-fitting air-insulated waterproof suit for divers
DTM abbreviation for Dyed To Match. For example, on a spec sheet it may indicate that the buttons are DTM buttons. This means the buttons are to be dyed to match the ground color of the garment (or dyed to match another color of the garment as specified).
duchess an 8-12 shaft satin.  It is a dress fabric.  Very fine yarns are used, particularly in the warp with more ends/inch than picks.  The material is string, has a high lustre, and texture, and it is firm. Usually 36" wide.  Characterized by grainy twill on back.
duck  generally made of Cotton; originally made in linen.  Also called canvas.  Name originated in 18th Century when canvas sails from Britain bare the trademark symbol - a duck.  Very closely woven and heavy. it is the most durable fabric made.  There are many kinds of duck but the heavier weighs are called canvas.  It may be unbleached, white, dyed, printed or painted.   Washable, many are water-proof and wind proof.  Made in various weights.
duffel  a coarse heavy woolen material with a thick nap.
duffel coat  a heavy usually woolen medium-length coat with toggle fasteners and a hood
dun  a variable color averaging a nearly neutral slightly brownish dark gray.
dungaree  a heavy coarse durable cotton twill woven from colored yarns, specif. blue denim.
dupion (type of silk) has a moderately crisp drape and falls into wide cones. Decorators and designers love its quiet luster, lofty fullness and elegant feel. The Indian Dupion has a particularly luminous quality and a great deal of body.
duster a lightweight overgarment to protect clothing from dust; a dress-length housecoat
duvetyn a smooth lustrous velvety fabric.


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