Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Introduction to fully fashioned knitwear (Part 04)

Presented by: Rashedul al rashid
Email: .............

Fully Fashion Knitwear

Textile Yarn

Yarn is the twisted form of fiber.

According to American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM) “A generic term for a continuous strand of textile fiber is called yarn”.

Classification of Textile Yarn:

Definitions of Textile Yarn:
    • Spun yarn are made by twisting together of staple fibers.
    • Filament yarn is by the assembly of continuous filament.
    • Monofilament yarn consists of only a single continuous thread.
    • Multifilament yarn is made from multiple filaments.
    • Complex/ Novelty/ Fancy yarn is the yarn which has special effects on its own appearance.
    • Cords are made by twisting plied yarn.
    • Cables are produced by plying cords.
    • Slub yarn contains bulky/ fluffy region.
    • Loop yarn requires a base yarn (core yarn) around which the fancy or effect yarn is wrapped.
Common yarn used in the fully fashion knitwear like;
Basic Type:
  • 100% Acrylic
  • Acrylic Mélange
  • Blended Acrylic
  • 100% Wool
  • Mixed Wool
  • 100% Cotton
  • Blended Cotton
Fancy Type:
  • Chenille
  • Angora tweed
  • Nep yarn/ Slub yarn
  • Mohaire
  • Tape yarn
  • Kashmere like
  • SMM: Spinning Metric Measurement (Count of the yarn before dyeing)
  • DMM: Dyeing Metric Measurement (Count of the yarn after dyeing)

To be continue....

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