Wednesday, August 3, 2011

H (Abbreviation of some word which used in textile sector)

Learn Apparel Merchandising, Learn Fashion design.

habergeon  a medieval jacket of mail shorter than a hauberk; hauberk
habiliments  the dress characteristic of an occupation or occasion
habit  a costume characteristic of a calling, rank, or function; a costume worn for horseback riding
habutai   silk.  Plain weave.   Very light weight and soft.  A little heavier than China Silk, but similar. Sold by weight measure known "momme" (1 momme = 3.75 g).  Made from waste silk that can be twisted.  It is piece dyed or printed and sized.  Has many defects in the cloth which has a "shot-about" appearance but this does not effect the cloth.  Comes from Japan - originally woven on Japanese hand looms.   Lighter than shantung but heavier than silk.

a voluminous piece of usually white cloth worn as an outer garment in northern Africa

haircloth any of various stiff wiry fabrics especially of horsehair or camel hair used for upholstery or for stiffening in garments.
hairline  a fabric with a hairline design, namely a textile design consisting of lengthwise or crosswise lines usually one thread wide.
hair shirt  a shirt made of rough animal hair worn next to the skin as a penance
half boot  a boot with a top reaching above the ankle and ending below the knee
half-slip  a topless slip with an elasticized waistband
halftone  a uniform series of dots that give the appearance of a lighter shade of a solid color.  the number of dots-per-inch is called the line count or frequency.  The amount of coverage is determined by the percentage of dots.
halter  a woman's blouse that leaves the back, arms, and midriff bare and that is typically held in place by straps around the neck and across the back
Hand  the softness of a fabric as judged by feeling it with your hand
handbag  a bag held in the hand or hung form a shoulder strap and used for carrying small personal articles and money
handkerchief  a small usually square piece of cloth used for various usually personal purposes, as blowing the nose or wiping the eyes, or as an accessory on one's attire
hand loom 1) A weaving devise operated manually. 2) A term used to describe a specially woven sample containing yarn dyes for color judging.
hang tags are important point of sale items that can play a valuable role in attracting consumer attention and relaying important information abut the product to which the tags are attached.  The tag is utilized to identify the brand name of the product.  Hang tags are also utilized to point out important information about a product or the company that supplies the product.  In regards to children's clothing, the hang tag occasionally points out safety issues that should be considered when purchasing the product.  Hang tag generally hang from garments on a swift tack.  This allows the hang tag to hang on the outside of a garment with out falling all over the floor of the retailer.  Integrated hang tag is an integration of price ticket information (UPC, Price, etc.) onto a hang tag.  This process eliminates the need for having a hang tag plus a price ticket.  The integrated hang tag allows you to merge the creative aspect of hang tags with the boring but necessary information from a traditional price ticket.  Essentially, this allows for an updated version of an old fashion price ticket
hankie  handkerchief
hap  [Dialectical] something, as a cloak, that serves as a covering or wrap
hard hat  a protective hat made of rigid material, as metal or fiberglass, and worn especially by construction workers
harem pants  women's loose trousers that fit closely at the ankle
harmonized tariff schedule of the United States (HTSUS) Published by the U.S. International Trade Commission, the TSUS is used in the classification of imported merchandise for rates of duty and statistical purposes.
harris tweed   all are hand woven on the islands off the Northern coast of Scotland (outer Hebrides).  There are two types of Harris Tweed:
  1.  Fabric woven from hand-spun yarn.
  2. Fabric woven from machine-spun yarn.
Now very few are woven from hand spun yarns as it takes too much time and labor.  It is always stamped to that effect in addition to the label which any Harris Tweed always bears.  Much is woven in 27" and 28" widths, but also in 54".   When damp, it smells mossy and smokey.   Is now made from Scottish and other wools.  Is also power warped and power beamed. 
hat  a covering for the head usually having a shaped crown and brim.  Headwear.
hauberk  a tunic of chain mail worn as defensive armor from the 12th to the 14th centuries
haute couture :   The term haute couture is a designation protected by law and "only those companies mentioned on the list drawn up each year by a commission domiciled at the Ministry for Industry are entitled to avail themselves thereof," to quote the Syndical Chamber for Haute Couture. The main criteria, set forth in 1945 and updated in 1992, are as follows: to employ a minimum of fifteen people at the workshops, to present to the press in Paris each season (spring/summer and autumn/winter) a collection of at least thirty-five runs consisting of models for daytime wear and evening wear.
havelock  a covering attached to a cap to protect the neck from the sun or bad weather
haversack  a bag similar to a knapsack but worn over one shoulder
hawaiian shirt  a usually short-sleeved sport shirt with a colorful pattern
hazel  a light brown to strong yellowish brown.
headband  a band worn on or around the head
headdress  an often elaborate covering for the head
headgear  a covering or protective device for the head
headpiece  a protective or defensive head covering; an ornamental, ceremonial, or traditional covering for the head
Heart Shaped or Butterfly Headress : This Head dress looked like wings had been attached on the sides. A Veil was worn over it, and many times a caul would be worn underneath.
heat-away (thermogaze)™ is a special heat-sensitive, woven cotton fabric often referred to as "burn-away" or "aetz-cloth". It is used in the following situations: (1) on top of fabrics that cannot be made wet, like corduroy or velvet, to keep stitches from sinking in and getting lost.  (2) to create "free-standing" embroidery. Just hoop HEAT-AWAY tm and embroider directly onto it. After removing the HEAT-AWAY tm, only the embroidered pattern remains.

hectic  red; flushed.
heliotrope a variable color averaging a moderate to reddish purple.
helm  helmet
helmet  a covering or enclosing headpiece of ancient or medieval armor; any of various protective head coverings usually made of a hard material to resist impact
hem  the edge of a piece of cloth, such as the bottom edge of a skirt or dress, which is folded over and sewn so that it does not develop loose threads.
hemp  cannabis sativa is a bast fibre that was probably used first in Asia.  The fibre is dark tan or brown and is difficult to bleach, but it can be dyed bright and dark colours.  The hemp fibres vary widely in length, depending upon their ultimate use.  Industrial fibres may be several inches long, while fibres used for domestic textiles are about 3/4 inch to 1 inch (1.9 to 2.54 cm) long.  The elongation (1 to 6 percent) is low and its elasticity poor.  The thermal reactions of hemp and the effect of sunlight are the same as for cotton.   Hemp is moth resistant, but it is not impervious to mildew.  Coarse hemp fibres and yarns are woven into cordage, rope, sacking and heavy-duty tarpaulins.  In Italy, fine hemp fibres are used for interior design and apparel fabrics.  Hemp is a plant grown in nearly all the temperate countries of the world. It furnishes a bast fiber, obtained by a retting process, which is used for rope and textiles. Some of the fiber enters the paper industry as waste material. The term hemp has also come to be used in a generic sense as fiber and then preceded by an adjective, for example, Manila Hemp (See Abaca), Sisal Hemp (See Sisal).
henley  henley is a type of shirt.  They can be long sleeve or short sleeve.  A henley shirt is a collarless shirt that is generally for casualwear.  characterized by a 4-6" long slit beneath the round neckline, usually having 2-5 buttons. It essentially resembles a collarless polo shirt.
hessian boot  a high boot that extends to just below the knee and is commonly ornamented with a tassel and that was introduced into England by the Hessians early in the 19th century
herringbone  a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern, namely a pattern made up of rows of parallel lines which in any two adjacent rows slope in opposite directions.  A suit made of herringbone, namely a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern, namely rows of parallel lines which in any two adjacent rows slope in opposite directions
high heels  shoes with high heels
hijab is the modern word for the practice of dressing modestly, which all practicing Muslims past the age of puberty are instructed to do in their holy book, the Qur'an. No precise dress code for men or women is set out in the Qur'an (the most specific part being 33:59 mentioning that believers "draw their cloaks close round them (when they go out)"), and various Islamic scholars have interpreted the meaning of hijab in different ways. The basic requirements are that when in the presence of someone of the opposite sex other than a "close family member" (Mahram), a woman should cover her body, and walk and dress in a way which does not draw sexual attention to her, and that a man should be covered from at least the navel to the knees, and similarly not wear figure-hugging clothes that draw sexual attention to him.
himation  a rectangular cloth draped over the left shoulder and about the body and worn as a garment in ancient Greece
hip boot  a waterproof boot reaching to the hips
hoary  gray or white with or as if with age.
hobble skirt  a skirt constricted at the bottom
holland  a cotton or linen fabric in plain weave usually heavily sized or glazed and used for window shades, bookbinding, and clothing.
homburg  a man's felt hat with a stiff curled brim and a high crown creased lengthwise
homespun  a loosely woven usually woolen or linen fabric originally made from homespun yarn.  Coarse, rugged yarn is used.   Originally an un dyed woolen cloth spun into yarn and woven in the home, by peasants and country folk the world over.  Has substantial appearance and serviceable qualities.  Made with irregular, slightly twisted uneven yarns.  Has a spongy feel with a hand-loomed tweedy appearance.  Genuine homespun is produced in a very limited quantity and much powerloom cloth is sold as genuine homespun.  Many qualities are made, the best is an ideal rough-and-ready type of cloth.
honan   silk, also from man-made synthetics.  Plain weave.  The best grade of wild silk.  Very similar to "pongee" but finer.  Made from wild silkworms raised in the Honan area of China.  The only wild type that gives even dyeing results.  Do not fit too tightly.
honey comb a fabric in which the warp and weft threads float to form a diamond shape with ridges and hollows to produce a cellular cloth. Brighton and Grecian weaves are adaptations of the honeycomb principle.      
honeycomb.gif (4718 bytes)(Example of honey comb)
hood  a flexible covering for the head and neck; a protective covering for the head and face; an ornamental scarf worn over an academic gown that indicates by its color the wearer's college or university
hoopskirt  a skirt stiffened with as if with hoops
hopsack (hopsacking)     a rough-surfaced loosely woven clothing fabric.  cotton, wool, linen, rayon, silk, hemp, jute.  Basket weave.  Made with coarse yarn. Has a rather rough texture and quite durable.  Often quite bulky but various weights.
horizon a type of light source used in a commercial light box to simulate early morning sunrise, or late afternoon sunset conditions. The correct technical definition for Horizon light is as follows: A simulated horizon sunlight source providing a color temperature of 2300+/-200 K at a minimum illumination of 80 ft/ candles. (K = Kelvin)
horsehair cloth made from horsehair.
horsetail lining cloth  the natural horsetail is a kind of materials with high elasticity, softness but sturdiness. So the horsetail lining cloth made of horsetail is the necessary accessories for western suits. It is a kind of plain cloth made of cotton yarn or T/C yarn as warp and whole good spring natural horsetail hair as weft. High elasticity, wrinklefree, softness but sturdiness is their most outstanding feature. It is really the ideal material for the lining cloth.  Core-spun horsetail cloth is a kind of never-ending yarn spun by three-cord cotton thread with the horsetail. The core-spun horsetail lining cloth takes the cotton yarn as warp, and core-spun horsetail cloth as weft. Compared with horsetail lining cloth, it is wider, thicker, more elastic. So it is better to act as material of shoulder pads, wind coats, over coats, full dress, military suits, etc. and it could be used together with horsetail lining cloth. Hair Interlining adopts wool and camel hair as the raw materials and is processed with special finishing. It can also be made with horse hair core-spun yarns and chemical filament fiber. Due to its particular structures and the adoption of sizing and resin finishing of base cloth, the finished interlining boasts anisotropic features. It bears excellent drapability warp-wise and distinguished elasticity weft-wise. Besides, the interlining is characteristic of a soft handle and excellent shape retention. The shrinkage after dry wash and water wash is both unnoticeable, compared to that of pure wool or blended fabrics. The hair interlining can be adopted as the front interlining, bias strip and cuff interlining of top-grade business suits, ceremonial dresses and suits.
hose  a cloth leg covering that sometimes covers the foot; stocking, sock; a close-fitting garment covering the legs and waist that is usually attached to a doublet by points; short breeches reaching to the knee
hosiery hose; knitwear [Chiefly British]
houndstooth   one of the most easily identifiable checks is the houndstooth or dogstooth check. This weave is produced in a pattern of four light and four dark yarns in both warp and weft.  The gun club check is a variation of the houndstooth but using a different color sequence traditionally on a light colored ground. 
houndstooth.gif (4959 bytes)  (Example of houndstooth)
housecoat  a woman's often long-skirted informal garment for wear around the house
housedress  a dress with simple lines that is suitable for housework and is made usually of a washable fabric
huarache a low-heeled sandal having an upper made of interwoven leather strips
huckaback  an absorbent durable fabric of cotton, linen, or both used chiefly for towels. It is strong.  Has variation in weaves but most have small squares on the surface that stand out from the background.   Comes in white, colors, or colored borders.  Also stripes.  The motif is made from a series of floats, some of them rather long, which gives a loose effect in certain areas.  This, if well spaced, acts as a good absorbing agency.
hug-me-tight a woman's short usually knitted sleeveless close-fitting jacket.
humeral veil an oblong vestment worn around the shoulders and over the hands by a priest holding a sacred vessel
hunter green  a dark yellowish green.
hypo-allergetic a fiber or material is deemed hypo-allergenic if it has undergone a process that makes it less apt to cause an allergic reaction.

1 comment:

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...