Wednesday, August 3, 2011

G (Abbreviation of some word which used in textile sector)

Learn Apparel Merchandising, Learn Fashion design.

gabardine   a garment of gabardine, namely a durable wool or rayon fabric twilled with diagonal ribs on the right side.  A firm hard-finish durable fabric (as of wool or rayon) twilled with diagonal ribs on the right side; also gaberdine.  Steep twill ( approx. 63 degrees).
gaberdine  a coarse long loose outer garment worn in medieval times and especially by Jews since the 16th century; an English laborer's smock
gaiter  a cloth or leather leg covering reaching from the instep to above the ankle or to mid-calf or knee; an ankle-high shoe with elastic gores in the sides; and overshoe with fabric upper
galligaskins loose hose or breeches worn in the 16th and 17th centuries; very loose trousers; [Chiefly British] leggings
gallus [Chiefly dialectical] suspender [Usually used in plural]
galosh a high overshoe worn especially in snow and slush
gambando  a horseman's legging
gamboge  a strong yellow.
garb  a style of apparel
garibaldi  a woman's blouse copied from the red shirt worn by the Italian patriot Garibaldi
garland wreath, chaplet
garment  an article of clothing
garment technologist  this includes pattern construction, a broad knowledge of textiles and quality issues. The use of CAM and relative packages is required as a garment technologist.
garnet a variable color averaging a dark red.
garnetting a mechanical process whereby short cotton fibers and/or other fibers are combed into a specific orientation and formed into a thin web, which are then layered to create a batting that is generally used as an upholstery material.
garrison cap  a visor-less folding cap worn as part of a military uniform [Compare service cap]
garter a band worn to hold up a stocking or sock; a band worn to hold up a shirt sleeve
gaskin [Plural & Obsolete] hose, breeches
gauntlet  a glove worn with medieval armor to protect the hand; any of various protective gloves used especially in industry; a dress glove extending above the wrist
gauze a thin often transparent fabric used chiefly for clothing or draperies.
gazar  a silk organza.
geneva bands two strips of white cloth suspended from the front of a clerical collar and sometimes used by Protestant clergymen [Also called Geneva tabs]
geneva gown  a loose large-sleeved black academic gown widely used as a vestment by members of the Protestant clergy
georgette a thin strong clothing crepe of fibers woven from hard-twisted yarns to produce a dull pebbly surface.  Lightweight, heavy, sheer fabric.  Has quite a bit of stiffness and body.  Gives excellent wear.  Has a dull, crinkled surface. Achieved by alternating S and Z yarns in a high twist in both warp and filling directions. Georgette has a harser, duller, more crinkled feel and appearance than crepe de chine.
geranium  a vivid or strong red.
geta a Japanese wooden clog for outdoor wear
gillie a shoe with a low top and decorative lacing
ginger  a strong brown.
gingham  cotton, man-made, and synthetics.   Word derived from Italy "Ging-gang" meaning "striped".   Medium or fine yarns of varying quality are used to obtain the checks, plaids, stripes, and plain effects.  The cloth is yarn dyed or printed.  The warp and the filling are usually balanced and if checks of two colors, usually same sequence in both the warp and the filling.  It is strong, substantial, and serviceable.  It launders well but low textured, cheap fabric may shrink considerably unless preshrunk.   Has a soft, dull luster surface.  Wrinkles unless wrinkle-resistant.   Tissue or zephyr ginghams are sheer being woven with finer yarns and a higher thread count.
girdle an article of dress encircling the body usually at the waist; a woman's close-fitting undergarment often boned and usually elasticized that extends from the waist to below the hips
girth  a band or strap that encircles the body of an animal to fasten something, as a saddle, on its back
glad rags dressy clothes
glaucous of a pale yellow-green color; of a light bluish gray or bluish white color.
glengarry a woolen cap of Scottish origin
glen plaid a fabric woven in a twill pattern of broken checks. [Also called glen check]         
glen_urqhuart.gif (5413 bytes)(Example of glen plaid)
glitter  specialty ink providing brilliant, sparkling looks.
glove  a covering for the hand having separate sections for each of the fingers and the thumb and often extending part way up the arm; gauntlet
glove silk  silk, rayon, synthetics.   Knit - two bar doubleknit tricot.  Made on a warp knitted frame. Very finely knit but very strong. Now called nylon Simplex.  Similar to chamoisette (cotton).
GMM  General Merchandising Manager
gold  a variable color averaging a deep yellow.
golden  being or having the color gold or the color of gold; blond.
gorget  a piece of armor protecting the throat; an ornamental collar; part of a wimple covering throat and shoulders
gown a loose flowing outer garment formerly worn by men; a distinctive robe worn by a professional or academic person; a woman's dress; dressing gown; nightgown, wedding-gown; a coverall worn in an operating room
GPU   for all CHILDREN'S SLEEPWEAR garments meeting "flame resistant" requirements, a Gross Product Unit Number (GPU #) MUST be noted on the care label.  Every 500 dozen garments must be tested by an outside testing laboratory for flammability and a GPU number assigned.  The supporting "flame resistant" documents must be shipped with the garments to ensure release through customs.  The GPU # can be assigned by the vendor.  Position the GPU # beneath the RN# on the care label.  The words, "Flame Resistant" (English), "Igni' Fugo" (Spanish) must appear on the FRONT of the label, visible to customs.  Position BENEATH size indicator.  (Important Note: this definition & requirement of GPU may be changed.  Please contact the Federal Trade Commission of the USA government for the most current and accurate information.  The above definition is being posted in 2004 and we can not guarantee its accuracy.)
granny dress a long loose-fitting dress usually with high neck and long sleeves
grassy  resembling grass especially in color.
grass cloth grass cloth a lustrous plain textile of usually loosely woven fibers.


grayish  somewhat gray.
greatcoat  a heavy overcoat
greave  armor for the leg below the knee
green  somewhat less yellow than growing fresh grass.
grenadine  a moderate reddish orange.  An open-weave fabric of various fibers.
grey heather A mixed fabric color is achieved by using different colors of fibre and mixing them together (a good example is a grey heather t-shirts). Black and white fibre mixed will combine to give grey heather fibre. Heather is blended fibers combined to create a vari-colored effect. Heather fabric typically contains 3 fibers: cotton, polyester or rayon. Heather grey fabric is never 100% Cotton. Another fiber must always be added with the cotton in order to achieve the necessary color. It is important to note that depending on the percent of cotton, the fabric can still be legally labeled 100% cotton. You will need to check the most current regulations to determine the percentage of cotton required to label as 100% cotton. You can probably learn that information from the Federal Trade Commission. You can find a link to that government office from the care label page
grinding  fabricated wear marks on denim; often on the edge fabric of pocket openings, leg openings, or the outer fabric of the fly on a jean; creates a worn-in look that is caused by the wearing through of the edge of fabric (at the hem, for example); grinding is not to be confused with a fray as grinding is somewhat scattered randomly. 

a roan coat pattern or C, or a brownish red.

grizzled  sprinkled or streaked w/ gray.
grogram a coarse loosely woven fabric of silk, silk and mohair, or silk and wool -- compare grosgrain.
grosgrain a strong close-woven corded fabric usually of silk or rayon and often with cotton filler -- compare grogram.
g-string  a strip of cloth passed between the legs and supported by a waist cord
g-suit a suit designed to counteract the physiological effects of acceleration on an aviator or astronaut
guanaco species  the Guanaco is considered to be a wild species, like the Vicuña.  Some scientists think that Lamas and Alpacas are races derived from the Guanaco.  Other consider that they’re different species.  Actually, we can say that both theories are valid.  In the natural environment, those animals make up herds of 5 to 10 females, a male and their offspring.  The period in which the Guanacos are in heat corresponds to the southern summer, between November and February.  The gestation period lasts eleven months.  The Guanaco belongs to the South American Camelids and is a little bigger than the Vicuña. 
guard's check  when a 2 and 2 colour order is used in both the warp and the weft of a 2/2 twill, a distinctive vertical line effect is produced. guards_check.gif (5462 bytes)  (Example of guard's check)
guar gum (Galactomannan) is a high molecular weight carbohydrate polymer derived from the natural seed of guar plant (Cyampopis tetragonolobus). Part of the seed is Hull (14-17%), Endosperm (35-42%), and germ (43-47%). Guar gum is a polysaccharide consisting of a mannose backbone with a galactose side chain. The galactose is randomly placed on the mannose backbone with the average ratio 1:2 of galactose to mannose. Guar gum has a polymeric structure containing numerous hydroxyl groups, which are treated for manufacturing various derivatives used for special applications in various industries. The powder is off white to yellowish in color depending on the quality of the seed.  Guar gum is obtained by an automatic mechanical process in which first the seed is split into two halves and the hull and the germ is mechanically scraped off to obtain endosperm. The endosperm thus obtained is further purified and grounded into powder of required granulation and viscosity. Neelkanth Polymers' state-of-the-art plant is capable of producing several grades of guar gum ranging from very low to very high viscosity and from coarse to fine granulation.  Guar Gum gives excellent film forming and thickening properties when used for textile sizing, finishing and printing. It reduces warp breakage, reduces dusting while sizing and gives better efficiency in production.
guayabera  The Guayabera Shirt (gwai-a-Ber-a) is one of the most authentic symbols of Latin Culture. They are made of light fabrics to weather tropical heat. Distinctive for its two vertical pleats, four spacious pockets and embroidery detail in a variety of fashion colors.   Usually short-sleeved (but also designed in long sleeve) lightweight sport shirt designed to be worn un-tucked
guimpe a blouse worn under a jumper or pinafore
guipure a heavy large-patterned decorative lace.
gules  the heraldic color red.
gum boot a rubber boot
gunmetal  a bluish gray color.

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