Wednesday, August 3, 2011

F (Abbreviation of some word which used in textile sector)

Learn Apparel Merchandising, Learn Fashion design.

f the letter "F" some times stands for Filament.  Filament affects the handfeel of fabric.  The higher number of filament the more expensive for fabric.
fabric cloth; material that resembles cloth.  Fabric Definition
fabric defects
fabric utilization
faconne  silk or rayon.  Figured weave or "burnt-out" finish.  Faconne in French, means fancy weave.   Has small designs all over the fabric.  Fairly light in weight, and could be slightly creped. Background is much more sheer than the designs, therefore the designs seem to stand out.  Very effective when worn over a different color.  Drapes, handle, and wears well.

a somewhat shiny/lustrous closely woven silk, rayon, or cotton fabric characterized by slight ribs in the weft.  Finer than gros grain but in that family - ribs are also flatter than in grosgrain.   Some belongs to the crepe family.  It is rather difficult to launder.  Will give good wear if handled properly.

fair isle an article of clothing knitted in Fair Isle style, namely a style of knitting originating in the Shetland Islands that is characterized by bands of multicolored geometric patterns
fall a very wide turned-down collar worn in the 17th century
fallow  of a light yellowish brown color.
fanny pack  a pack for carrying personal articles that straps to the waist
fascinator a woman's lightweight head scarf usually of crochet or lace
Fashion Careers
Fashion Definition / Fashion Directory
Fashion Discussion Groups
fashion plate  1) an illustration of clothing style.  2) a person who dresses in the latest fashions.  Fashion plate has nothing to do with the type of plate you eat on.  Even if the Apparel Search Company eats lunch on a piece of fabric, it still would "not" be considered a fashion plate.
Fashion Diva
Fashion Widget
fatigue [Plural] the uniform or work clothing worn on fatigue and in the field
fawn  a variable color averaging a light grayish brown.
F.C.A  first cost to agent.  A form of payment terms
fedora  a low soft felt hat with the crown creased lengthwise
felt  a cloth made of wool and fur often mixed with natural or synthetic fibers through the action of heat, moisture, chemicals, and pressure; a firm woven cloth of wool or cotton heavily napped and shrunk.  An article of clothing made of felt, namely a cloth made of wool and fur made through the action of heat, moisture, chemicals, and pressure.
felting  felt.
ferret  a narrow cotton, silk, or wool tape.
fez  a brimless cone-shaped flat-crowned hat that usually has a tassel, is usually made of red felt, and is worn especially by men in eastern Mediterranean countries
Fiber Definition / Fiber Directory
fibranne a fabric made of spun-rayon yarn.
fichu a woman's light triangular scarf that is draped over the shoulders and fastened in front or worn to fill in a low neckline
fiery  of the color of fire; red.
filet  a lace with a square mesh and geometric designs.
Fil-a-Fil Allegedly invented by the French, FIL-A-FIL.  This is a woven fabric where a white thread is interwoven with the colored thread, end upon end.  Two different yarns woven together create stylish, 'fil-a-fil' fabric.  Seems similar to Oxford and Chambray.  A light fabric suited to all seasons; Its characteristic comes from the working of the different types of cotton of which it is composed.  Fil-a-Fil Mills.
fillet a ribbon or narrow strip of material used especially as a headband
filling or weft  the yarns that are woven across the loom, with Weft being the English term and Filling being the American term. The individual yarns are also known as Picks.
fingering-weight yarns: These yarns knit to a gauge of 7 or more stitches per inch on size 0, 1, 2, or 3 US needles. These yarns have approximately 1700-2300 yards per pound, or more, depending upon fineness. This category would include yarns with names like lace weight, baby weight, fine, fingering. Yarns of this weight are used for lightweight fabrics.  (this definition was kindly provided by Karen at Red Meadow Fiber Arts)
fire-engine red  a bright red.
fishnet a coarse open-mesh fabric.
flak jacket a jacket containing metal plates for protection against flak; broadly, a bulletproof vest. [Also called, flak vest]

flame  a strong reddish orange.
flaxen  resembling flax especially as in a pale soft strawy color.

flannel  Soft twilled wool or worsted fabric with a loose texture and a slightly napped surface; a plain or twill woven  cotton fabric napped and of soft yarns simulating the texture of wool flannel; a stout cotton fabric usually napped on one side.  [Plural] flannel underwear; outer garments, especially men's trousers, of flannel, namely soft twilled wool, cotton, or worsted fabric with a loose texture and a slightly napped surface.  The cotton flannel must be made from cotton with a fiber long enough to hold in the yarn, otherwise the fibers will shed from the flannel or pill into little balls on the surface.
flannelette  a cotton flannel, soft material with a napped finish, usually only on one side.  It may be bleached, dyed, printed, or woven in colored stripes.  Plain and twill weave.
flat a shoe or slipper having a flat heel or no heel
flat crepe   also called French Crepe or Lingerie Crepe but not exactly the same.  It is the flattest of all the crepes with only a very slight pebbled or crepe effect hard twist alternating 25 x 22 in filling; warp has ordinary twist.  It is very soft and pliable, which makes it good for draping.  It is very light weight - 2 times as many ends as picks. It may be white, coloured, or printed. Most of it launders well.
flax  is often considered the oldest fiber used in the Western world.  Remnants of flax fabric (linen) have been found in excavations at the historic lake regions of Switzerland, which date back to about 10,000 B.C.  Although the archaeologists dispute the origins of flax , some believe that it came from the region of Tepe Sabz, Iran (Mesopotamia), ca. 5500 - 5000 B.C. By 4,000 B.C. the Egyptians were cultivating and processing flax and ancient wall carvings show laborers harvesting flax.  Examples have been found that were spun so fine that more than 360 threads joined together to form one warp thread. The rather incredible characteristics and properties of flax are once again being recognized.  Although linen has been primarily considered as a fashion fabric in modern times, the industry and the markets are beginning to understand its potential as a performance fiber, delivering high strength and durability, abrasion resistance and high moisture regain, as well as a luxurious hand and appearance.
fleece  a soft bulky deep-piled knitted or woven fabric used chiefly for clothing.  Has a deep, soft nap or pile, obtained by heavily napping with wire brushes or with a pile weave.  This provides air space giving good insulating properties without too much weight.  The interlacings are covered by the nap.  The nap wears out in time, but good quality cloth gives good wear.  Range from cheap to expensive clothes.  Material is often cumbersome and bulky, therefore it may be difficult to manipulate.  Also, the name for the entire coat of wool taken from a sheep at shearing time. Check out women's fleece clothing.
flight suit a usually one-piece garment especially of fire-resistant fabric worn especially by military aircrews
flip-flop a rubber sandal loosely fastened to the foot by a thong
flipper a flat rubber shoe with the front expanded into a paddle used in skin diving
Flocking is the application of fine particles to adhesive coated surfaces. The majority of flocking done worldwide uses finely cut natural or synthetic fibers. A flocked finish imparts a decorative and/or functional characteristic to the surface. The variety of materials that are applied to numerous surfaces through different flocking methods create a wide range of end products. The flocking process is used on items ranging from retail consumer goods to products with high technology military applications. Historians claim that flocking can be traced back to circa 1000 BC, when the Chinese used resin glue to bond natural fibers to fabrics. Fiber dust was strewn onto adhesive coated surfaces to produce flocked wall coverings in Germany during the middle ages. In France, flocked wall coverings became popular during the reign of Louis XIV.  (Check out the American Flock Association)
florid  tinged with red; ruddy.
flush  of a ruddy health color. 
FOB  "Freight On Board"
As it relates to closeout merchandise: 'This refers to the location of the merchandise being represented and shipped from. This can be some indication that the merchandise is being "Brokered", obviously if the company you are dealing with is located in Texas and lists merchandise FOB Florida you can almost assume your broker has never seen the merchandise offered. Be careful as this is not the case in all situations. A company may have multiple warehouse locations. This is a grey area and very hard to determine. You will notice many companies stating, "We have many FOB or warehouse points all over the US". This should not be construed as company owned facilities.' (this definition
provided by Robert Cyr at RLC Trading)
F.O.B. (Front On Breast)  as in men's FOB watches that used to be worn on a chain tucked into the breast pocket of a waistcoat (US- vest). Tailoring term used to describe positioning of pockets etc.
foil adhesive  a clear plastisol based ink for applying brilliant high-gloss metallic foils by transfer application.
footwear a type of clothing worn on the feet (generally over socks...).  Sneakers, boots, sandals and several other types of shoe fall into the footwear category.
form  form in art is an essential for representation of ideas or expression of emotions, forms can be achieved or created only when the perception or understanding is adhered with certain shapes, so form is a cognitive element.  "Form" is also sometimes referred to as a mannequin.

foulard an article of clothing made of foulard, namely a lightweight plain-woven or twilled silk with a printed pattern.  Very soft, light fabric.  Noted for its soft finish and feel. It is usually printed with small figures on a dark or light background.  Similar to Surah and Tie Silk, but finer.  Was originally imported from India.  Twill, 2 up 2 down.
four-in-hand  a necktie tied in a slipknot with long ends overlapping vertically in front
forest green  a dark yellowish or moderate olive green.
formal (formalwear) Black Tie, Dinner Suit or Tuxedo 
foulard a lightweight plain-woven or twilled silk usually decorated with a printed pattern.
fourragère  a braided cord worn usually around the left shoulder, especially when awarded as a military decoration
foxy of a warm reddish brown color.
FPU   Fabric Production Unit
french cuff  a soft double cuff that is made by turning back half of a wide cuff band and fastening with cuff links
frieze   refers to a rough, heavy, fuzzy, rizzy, boardy woolen overcoating fabric with a rough surface which originated in Friesland Holland.  Often used for overcoating material for soldiers. Much adulteration is given the cloth.  Irish frieze is quite popular and more reliable and is called "cotha more".
fright wig  a wig with hair that stands out from the head
frise  frise  frise  frise  rayon most popular, also mohair and silk and synthetics.  The ground or backing yarns are usually made of cotton.   Sometimes jute or hemp are combined with the cotton.  Pile (looped).   Made usually with uncut loops in all-over pattern.  It is sometimes patterned by shearing the loops at different lengths.  Some made with both cut and uncut loops in the form of a pattern.  Frise is also spelled Frieze but frieze really refers to a rough, fuzzy, rizzy, boardy woolen overcoating fabric which originated in Friesland Holland.  Often used for overcoating material for soldiers. Much adulteration is given the cloth.  Irish frieze is quite popular and more reliable and is called "cotha more".
frock  an outer garment worn by monks and friars; an outer garment worn chiefly by men; a long loose mantle; a workman's outer shirt; a woolen jersey worn especially by sailors; a woman's dressMore at Frock
frock coat  a man's knee-length usually double-breasted coat  More at Frock Coats
frontlet a band or phylactery worn on the forehead
fuchsia vivid reddish purple.
fuji a spun silk clothing fabric in plain weave originally made in Japan.

having a dark or dusky color.

fulvous  of a dull brownish yellow; tawny.
fur  an article of clothing made of or with fur
fuscous  of any of several colors averaging a brownish gray.
fusecut (label) finishing is the most common cutting method for printed labels.  This procedure utilizes a hot knife to heat seal the ends as the label is cut from the roll.  It is the most economical form of finishing by virtue of its speed and the fact that it saves fabric.  However, it is not recommended for shuttle weave products.
fusible interlinings are of considerable help in the clothing  industry because for shaping, edge stitching, securing, strengthening and under  picking, which eliminates tacking or stitching procedures.  Interlinings are particularly applied in the tailoring of jackets and blazers, overcoats, uniforms, dresses, blouses, shirts, overalls and in the sportswear sector.
fusing machines  bond precut textiles with interlinings.
fustian a strong cotton and linen fabric.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...