Saturday, August 30, 2014

Defect Classification - During Inspection (Color Defects)

During inspection many times we got some defects. All the defect are not same and not have the same importance. Out of these defect some are major and some defect is minor.

Many times we become confused to take a decision that, which is major and which minor. Today I am going to share some information with all of you regarding this issue. Also, I am going to share a list defects with major and minor classification. In this regards please note, these classifications are not fixed, it can be varied based on buyer view.

Major Defect: Anything which adversely affects the appearance, performance, including fit or customer satisfaction to a degree that would provide a discerning customer with justification for non-purchase, a return or complaint .

Minor Defect: Any variation from a standard which is not sufficient in degree to be classified as major

Today I will discuss regarding Color Defects

Defect Classification
Color Defects

Sl. Classification Major Minor
1 Any distinctly visible shading differences or MIS-MATCHING of
Panels, belts, belt loops, trims, interlining, threads or buttons. 

2 Any fault in PRINTING registration or placement 

Adversely affecting appearance  X

Apparent but not significant 

3 DYE SPOTS that are obviously noticeable and detract from the
appearance of the garment

Adversely affecting appearance  X

Apparent but not significant 

4 STREAKY APPEARANCE caused by inconsistent dye take-up. 

Adversely affecting appearance  X

Apparent but not significant 


(* Refer to approval standard) 

By Enamul Haque Bipul 
30th August 2014

  • Joerg Wagner
    CAD/CAM Coordination and Support at Triumph International

    Thanks for sharing. In my humble opinion, color defects are one of the most difficult defects to classify. How to define the tolerances of mismatching of colors? Color is measurable, indeed, but this is not the "real visibility", a customer has.
    How important is color quality to the total garment quality, which also includes fitting, stitching etc.?

  • Head of Sourcing and Development at A One Fashion Ltd.

    Yes, I am totally agree with you that, color defect are one of the most difficult defect to classify. Though we can measure the color difference by photo meter but I think still it is not hundred percent correct. Many times I saw that, photo meter is saying it is ok but my eyes saying it is not.

    I think stitching mismatching is the main problem. Because the end customer didn't know that, which were the correct/approved shade but if the stitching are not matching with the main fabric then his eyes will notice him or her. And we always face some problem regarding the stitching colors, because maximum time we use hundred percent polyester sewing thread to stitch the garments. So, it's always become little bit shiny than the cotton main fabric.

    Though the end customer has no idea regarding the approved shade but there could be also raise problem if the shade has some historical/social standard. Like as - Flag color of any country, Jersey color of any team, Logo of any company.

    Also little shade difference could make whole garments ugly. Many time I found the shade is almost same but one is more attractive than others due to little difference. Here, in this point photo meter become useless. It could measure the deepness and lightness of the shade but unable to recognize the attractiveness!!!


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